In the early medieval period, Buckinghamshire was part of the Kingdom of Mercia and was home to several Anglo-Saxon settlements, including the historic town of Aylesbury. This town, with its strategic position on major trade routes, was an important center of commerce and trade, and its role in the political struggles of the time should not be underestimated.
The Norman Conquest of 1066 brought about Norman control of the county, and the feudal manors that were established by Norman nobles marked a new chapter in Buckinghamshire’s history. The Norman nobles brought with them new customs, ideas, and ways of life, and Buckinghamshire began to develop its own unique identity. During the medieval and Tudor periods, Buckinghamshire was at the heart of several major events in British history, including the Wars of the Roses. The county was also the birthplace of Thomas Cromwell, King Henry VIII’s influential chief minister, who played a key role in the political and religious upheavals of the time.
The 17th century saw the outbreak of the English Civil War, and Buckinghamshire, with its Royalist sympathies, was at the forefront of the conflict. The county was the site of several battles, including the Battle of Aylesbury in 1642, and its residents played an active role in the events of the time. The arrival of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries brought new industries and opportunities for economic growth to Buckinghamshire, and the county’s thriving industries and strong local economy attracted workers and families from far and wide.